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National Food Security Mission (NFSM)- For Commercial Crops

Cotton, Jute and Sugarcane are amongst the main cash crops of India. These crops are grown in food crops sequences in different agro- climatic conditions. In the 12th Five Year Plan, under the NFSM, cropping system approach is being adopted by including commercial crops like cotton, jute and sugarcane to meet the demand for both food & cash crops. This would be possible through proper crop rotation, multiple cropping systems, intercropping etc.

 

Cotton Crop Based Cropping Systems

Insecticide Resistance Management (IRM)

The module will be replicated in 50 districts of 10 states covering more than 1.0 lakh farmers per year which may vary in future depending on pest situation. The IRM strategies will be disseminated in 20 villages in each district with the help of unemployed youth having Agriculture Diploma / B.Sc. (Agriculture)/M.Sc. (Agriculture), skilled helpers and field workers.

Funds will be provided in each district for remuneration/honorarium of manpower (one project officer, one helper and twenty field workers for six months), monitoring, training of field workers, conveyance / travel allowance and other contingencies.

An assistance @ Rs. 4.5 lakh / district + administrative cost will be provided to CICR, Nagpur.

On Line Pest Monitoring and Advisory Services (OPMAS)

OPMAS will provide web based pest monitoring and advisory services about the emerging pests, diseases and any other significant problem with cotton crop.

The programme will be implemented in 30 districts of 9 states covering 15,000 farmers in a year. Resistance monitoring in pink bollworm population, validation and demonstration of grey mildew and leaf reddening management strategies, dissemination of IPM strategies, popularization the safe use of light traps etc will be main activities of OPMAS.

An assistance @ Rs. 4.5 lakh / district + administrative cost will be provided.

Front Line Demonstration (FLDs)

Three types of FLDs on cotton namely

  • FLDs on Integrated Crop Management (ICM) including Integrated Nutrient Management (INM), Integrated Pest Management (IPM), soil & water management / improved agronomic practices,
  • FLDs on Desi & Extra Long Staple (ELS) cotton / FLDs on ELS Cotton seed production and
  • FLDs on intercropping will be organized / conducted through SDA, ICAR, SAU, KVK, NGO and Cooperatives. DOCD will also involve reputed NGOs as per recommendations of State Government to conduct FLDs on cotton.

FLDs will be organized in clusters of at least 10 hectares. For each farmer at least 0.4 hectare area will be included in a demonstration.

The pattern of assistance under different types of FLDs given as under:

Type of FLDs Critical Inputs (Rs.) Contingencies (Rs.) Total Assistance (Rs./ha)
FLDs on ICM 6000 1000 7000
FLDs on Desi and ElS cotton/ ELS Cotton Seed Production 7000 1000 8000
FLDs on Intercropping 6000 1000 7000
Trials on HDPS 8000 1000 9000

Trials on High Density Planting System (HDPS)

HDPS of Cotton is relevant to India especially in the rainfed conditions. HDPS of cotton is promoted to obtain high yields with straight varieties across the world.

The planting geometry of 8-10 cm distance between plants and row to row distance at 30, 45, 75 and 90 cm is being followed under HDPS. The HDPS trials will be conducted to validate agronomic practices for rain-fed agro-eco regions of 10 cotton growing states (Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu) to improve and sustain cotton yields on marginal soils.

 

Jute Crop Based Cropping Systems

Jute can be grown successfully in the cropping sequence with food grain crops like rice, wheat and pulses and also pulses as inter-crops with jute.

Some of identified promising jute based sequences under rainfed conditions are jute-lentil, jute-black gram, jute-black gram-wheat, jute-rice-toria and pulses as intercrop with jute. Under irrigated conditions, the promising crop sequences identified are jute-rice-potato, jute-rice-lentil/pea, jute-rice-wheat, jute-rice-mustard. By adoption of these sequences, crop intensification and diversification has significantly increased in the jute growing regions.

The jute based cropping system will be implemented in 12 States namely Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and West Bengal. The components of the jute crop based cropping system and assistance are given below.

Jute Seed Production.

The production programme of breeder, foundation and certified seeds will be undertaken for varieties (not older than 10 years) to ensure availability of good quality seed in time and at a reasonable price. The production of breeder, foundation and certified seeds of jute & mesta will be taken up by different agencies like SDA, CRIJAF, NSC, SFCI, SAU, SSC, ICAR, KVKs, HIL and farmers group.

Production of Seed through Seed Village Programme & Government Farm

The seed production programme through Seed Village programme and at Government farm will be undertaken to ensure availability of quality seeds. At least 10 ha area should be covered in each Seed Village programme or Government farm. The Seed production Programme should be taken up with the varieties not older than 10 years.

An assistance of Rs. 5500/- per quintal of Certified Seed produced would be admissible under the component.

FLDs on Alternate Retting Technologies

CRIJAF has developed two new retting technologies, namely, mechano-microbial retting and in-situ retting with microbial consortium and NIRJAFT has developed two technologies, namely, chemical retting and dry retting. In order to reduce the bulk of the crop to be retted vis-à-vis the requirement of water, the concept of ribbon retting has been advanced. Accordingly, FLDs on newly developed retting technologies will be undertaken by CRIJAF, NIRJAFT, SAUs, KVKs.

An assistance of Rs.20000/- per FLDs will be provided for an area of 0.25 ha 75% of the area for alternating retting technology and 25% for traditional technologies and it will be reduced on pro-rata basis for actual size of FLD conducted.

Item Amount (Rs.)
Material inputs, labour inputs, ribboner and such other materials required for organizing the demonstration 17000.00
Monitoring, POL, visit of scientists, Field Day, meeting, publication etc. 3000.00
Total 20000.00

FLDs on Production Technology / Intercropping

Production technology and intercropping demonstrations will be conducted on jute, mesta, sunnhemp and ramie. The location specific improved technology on nutrient use efficiency, weed management, efficient use of water, soil ameliorants, improved farm implements/machines etc. will be demonstrated along with the newer varieties ( not older than 10 years). FLDs will be organized in cluster of at least 10 hectares. For each farmer at least 0.4 hectare area will be included in a demonstration.

The assistance of Rs. 8000/- per ha will be provided of which Rs. 1000/- will be for contingencies, field days, publicity materials, POL, visit of scientists etc.

National / State Level Training

The National Level Training Programme on production and retting technology of jute / mesta / ramie / sun hemp including other related other aspects will be organised. For a training of 25 participants from SDA and NGOs associated in jute development activities, an assistance of Rs.80000 per training (3 days) will be provided.

The State Level Training (2 days) will be organized by SAU, SDA, KVK and the number of trainees will be 20 for which an assistance of Rs.40000 per training will be provided. The item-wise break-up of national / state level training is given as below.

S. No.

Particulars

Amount (in Rs.)

National Level

State Lavel

1 Honorarium to Resource Person

@ Rs.750/-per lecture for national level for 15 lectures.

@ Rs.500/- per lecture for state Level for 10 lectures.

11250 5000
2 Refreshment for inaugural session for 50 persons

@ Rs. 50/- per head.

2500 2500
3 Boarding & lodging for trainees

@ Rs. 600/-per head per day for national level

@ Rs.500/- per head per day for state Level

45000 20000
4 Training Kit including publication @ Rs. 500/-per trainee for national level @ Rs.400/- per trainee for state Level 12500 8000
5 Contingencies including audio visual arrangements, stationary , field visit etc. 8750 4500
  Total 8000 40000

 

 

Sugarcane Based Cropping Systems

The sugarcane based cropping system will involve propagation of intercropping, availability of quality planting material (tissue culture), strengthening of bio-agent and tissue culture laboratories and capacity building. The programme will be implemented in 12 States namely Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh & Uttarakhand. The interventions identified are as under.

Demonstration on Intercropping with sugarcane

The demonstration on pulses, oilseeds and cereals as intercrops with sugarcane will be organized by SDA, Cane Commissioner, sugar factories, sugarcane research institutions, NGOs, KVKs etc. as per the technologies recommended by ICAR, SAU, Sugar Institutes. Demonstration will be organized in cluster of at least 10 hectares. For each farmer at least 0.4 hectare area will be included in a demonstration.

Assistance of Rs. 8000/- per demonstration (1.0 ha each) is provided of which Rs.1000/- will be for contingencies, field days, publicity materials, POL, visit of scientists etc.

Assistance for Breeder Seed Production

Production of breeder seeds of varieties (not older than 15 years) will be taken up through ICAR, SAUs, sugarcane research Institutes for which assistance limited to Rs. 40,000/- per ha will be provided. Out of which Rs. 6000/- will be contingencies for preparation of report, record management, POL for visit of scientist, GOI officers & other miscellaneous expenses.

Production of Tissue Culture Raised Plantlets/Seedlings

For faster and cheaper multiplication of the cane seed through tissue culture technique, incentive for production of tissue culture raised plantlets/ seedlings will be provided @ 50% of cost of seedlings limited to Rs. 3.5/-per seedling to sugarcane institutions and sugar factories.

Strengthening/ Establishment of Tissue Culture and Bio-agent Laboratories

For strengthening/establishment of tissue culture laboratories at Sugarcane Research Institutes, ICAR, SAUs, sugar factories etc., an assistance of 50% of the cost of project limited to Rs. 75.00 Lakh will be provided. The project of tissue culture & bio-agent laboratory includes cost of equipments, furniture fixtures, green houses, consumable, glass wares, feeding stock etc. The component will not support construction of building, recurring expenditure and salary of the staff.

In order to enhance the availability of bio-agents / bio-pesticides for biological control of sugarcane pest, bio-agent laboratories will be established / strengthened at sugar factory, sugarcane research institute, SAU/ ICAR @ 50% of the cost of project limited to Rs. 75.00 Lakh.

National / State Level Training

The national level trainings on crop production and protection aspects including intercropping will be conducted by IISR, SBI, VSI, UPCSR etc. and state level trainings by sugarcane research Institutes, sugarcane training centers of State Government, SAUs, KVKs etc.

The financial assistance for national level training of 2 days will be provided @ Rs. 50000/- for 25 participants and Rs. 40000/- per state level training of 2 days for 20 participants. The item wise break up of national/state level training is as under:

S. No. Particulars

Amount (in Rs.)

National Level

State Lavel

1 Honorarium to Resource Person @ Rs.750/-per lecture for national level for 10 lectures.

@ Rs.500/- per lecture for state Level for 10 lectures.

7500 5000
2 Refreshment for inaugural session for 50 persons

@ Rs. 50/- per head.

2500 2500
3 Boarding & lodging for trainees

@ Rs. 500/-per head per day

25000 20000
4 Training Kit including publication @ Rs. 400/-per trainee 10000 8000
5 Contingencies including audio visual arrangements, stationary , field visit etc. 5000 4500
  Total 50000 40000

 

 

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