IMNCI programme is being implemented by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare to prevent and manage five major childhood illnesses i.e. Acute Respiratory Infections, Diarrhoea, Measles, Malaria and Malnutrition to bring down the infant mortality rate in India. The integrated approach ensures that all relevant needs of the child are looked at and attended to during the contact of the child with the health workers.
This package includes the following interventions:-
Care of Newborns and Young Infants (infants under 2 months)
- Keeping the child warm.
- Initiation of breastfeeding immediately after birth and counseling for exclusive breastfeeding and non-use of pre lacteal feeds.
- Cord, skin and eye care.
- Recognition of illness in newborn and management and/or referral).
- Immunization o Home visits in the postnatal period.
- Home visits in the postnatal period.
Care of Infants (2 months to 5 years)
- Management of diarrhoea, acute respiratory infections (pneumonia) malaria, measles, acute ear infection, malnutrition and anemia.
- Recognition of illness and at risk conditions and management/referral) o Prevention and management of Iron and Vitamin A deficiency.
- Counseling on feeding for all children below 2 years o Counseling on feeding for malnourished children between 2 to 5 years.
Components of IMNCI:
- Improvements to the health system
- Improvement of Family and Community Practices
- Collaboration/coordination with other Departments
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