India’s Universal Immunisation Programme (U.I.P.) is one of the largest in the world in terms of quantities of vaccine used, the number of beneficiaries, the number of Immunisation session organised, the geographical spread and diversity of areas covered. UIP was launched in 1985.
Under the UIP, all vaccines are given free of cost to the beneficiaries as per the National Immunization Schedule. All beneficiaries’ namely pregnant women and children can get themselves vaccinated at the nearest Government/Private health facility or at an immunization post (Anganwadi centres/ other identified sites) near to their village/urban locality on fixed days.
- To rapidly increase immunization coverage.
- To improve the quality of services.
- To establish a reliable cold chain system to the health facility level.
- Monitoring of performance.
- To achieve self sufficiency in vaccine production.
Beneficiaries: Pregnant Women and Children
Vaccines provided under UIP:
- BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)
- DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus Toxoid)
- OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)
- Hepatitis B
- TT (Tetanus Toxoid)
- JE vaccination (in selected high disease burden districts)
- Hib containing Pentavalent vaccine (DPT+HepB+Hib) (In selected States)
Diseases Protected by Vaccination under UIP:
- Hepatitis B
- Japanese Encephalitis (commonly known as brain fever)
- Meningitis and Pneumonia caused by Haemophilus Influenzae type B
National Immunization Schedule (NIS)
|S No||Vaccine & its Presentation||Protection||Route||Number of Doses||Vaccination Schedule|
|1||BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)- Lyophilized vaccine||Tuberculosis||1 Intra-dermal||1||at birth (upto 1 year if not given earlier)|
|2||OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)- Liquid vaccine||Poliomyelitis||Oral||5||Birth dose for institutional deliveries, Primary three doses at 6, 10 & 14 week and one booster dose at 16-24 month of age. Given orally|
|3||Hepatitis B – Liquid Vaccine||Hepatitis B||Intra-muscular||4||Birth dose (within 24 hours) for institutional deliveries, Primary three doses at 6, 10 & 14 week.|
|4||DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus Toxoid) – Liquid vaccine||Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus||Intra-muscular||5||Three doses at 6, 10 & 14 week and two booster dose at 16-24 month and 5-6 years of age|
|5||Measles – Lyophilized vaccine||Measles||Subcutaneous||2||9-12 months of age and 2nd dose at 16- 24 months.|
|6||TT (Tetanus Toxoid) – Liquid vaccine||Tetanus||Intra-muscular||2||10 years and 16 years of Age. For pregnant woman, two doses given(one dose if previously vaccinated within 3 Year)|
|7||JE vaccination (in selected high disease burden districts) Lyophilized vaccine||Japanese Encephalitis (Brain fever)||Subcutaneous||2||9-12 months of age and 2nd dose at 16- 24 months.|
|8||Hib (given as pentavalent containing Hib+DPT+Hep B) (in selected states) – Liquid vaccine||Hib Pneumonia and Hib meningitis||Intra-muscular||3||6, 10 & 14 week of age|
How to Avail Benefits: In nearest government/PSU/Local body/Autonomous body health facility.
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