Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Housing for All)
ΓÇ£Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana ΓÇô Housing for All (Urban)ΓÇÙ Mission for urban area will be implemented during 2015-2022 and this Mission will provide central assistance to implementing agencies through States and UTs for providing houses to all eligible families/ beneficiaries by 2022. 1.2 Mission will be implemented as Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) except for the component of credit linked subsidy which will be implemented as a Central Sector Scheme.
The mission seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers through following programme verticals:
- Slum rehabilitation of Slum Dwellers with participation of private developers using land as a resource
- Promotion of Affordable Housing for weaker section through credit linked subsidy
- Affordable Housing in Partnership with Public & Private sectors
- Subsidy for beneficiary-led individual house construction /enhancement.
A beneficiary family will comprise husband, wife and unmarried children. The beneficiary family should not own a pucca house (an all weather dwelling unit) either in his/her name or in the name of any member of his/her family in any part of India.
Implementation Methodology: The Mission will be implemented through four giving option to beneficiaries, ULBs and State Governments. These four options are as below:
- ΓÇ£In-situΓÇÙ Slum Redevelopment using land as Resource
This approach aims to leverage the locked potential of land under slums to provide houses to the eligible slum dwellers bringing them into the formal urban settlement
- Affordable Housing through Credit Linked Subsidy
Credit linked subsidy will be provided on home loans taken by eligible urban poor (EWS/LIG) for acquisition, construction of house.
- Beneficiaries of EWS and LIG seeking housing loans from Banks, Housing Finance Companies and other such institutions would be eligible for an interest subsidy at the rate of 6.5 % for a tenure of 15 years or during tenure of loan whichever is lower. The Net Present Value (NPV) of the interest subsidy will be calculated at a discount rate of 9 %.
- The credit linked subsidy will be available only for loan amounts upto Rs 6 lakhs and additional loans beyond Rs. 6 lakhs, if any, will be at nonsubsidized rate. Interest subsidy will be credited upfront to the loan account of beneficiaries through lending institutions resulting in reduced effective housing loan and Equated Monthly Instalment (EMI).
- Credit linked subsidy would be available for housing loans availed for new construction and addition of rooms, kitchen, toilet etc. to existing dwellings as incremental housing. The carpet area of houses being constructed or enhanced under this component of the mission should be upto 30 square metres and 60 square metres for EWS and LIG, respectively in order to avail of this credit linked subsidy. The beneficiary, at his/her discretion, can build a house of larger area but interest subvention would be limited to first Rs. 6 lakh only.
- Affordable Housing in Partnership (AHP)
The third component of the mission is affordable housing in partnership. This is a supply side intervention. The Mission will provide financial assistance to EWS houses being built with different partnerships by States/UTs/Cities.
- Central Assistance at the rate of Rs.1.5 Lakh per EWS house would be available for all EWS houses in such projects. An affordable housing project can be a mix of houses for different categories but it will be eligible for central assistance, if at least 35% of the houses in the project are for EWS category and a single project has at least 250 houses.
- Beneficiary-led Individual House Construction or Enhancement
The fourth component of the mission is assistance to individual eligible families belonging to EWS categories to either construct new houses or enhance existing houses on their own to cover the beneficiaries, who are not able to take advantage of other components of the mission.
- Such families may avail of central assistance of Rs. 1.50 lakhs for construction of new houses or for enhancement of existing houses under the mission.
- Economically Weaker Section (EWS): EWS households are defined as households having an annual income up to Rs. 3,00,000 (Rupees Three Lakhs).
- EWS House: An all weather single unit or a unit in a multi-storeyed super structure having carpet area of upto 30 sq. m. with adequate basic civic services and infrastructure services like toilet, water, electricity etc.
- Low Income Group (LIG): LIG households are defined as households having an annual income between Rs.3,00,001 (Rupees Three Lakhs One) up to Rs.6,00,000 (Rupees Six Lakhs).
- States/UTs shall have the flexibility to redefine the criteria of above terms as per local conditions in consultation with the Centre.
- Slum: A compact area of at least 300 population or about 60-70 households of poorly built congested tenements, in unhygienic environment usually with inadequate infrastructure and lacking in proper sanitary and drinking water facilities.
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