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Origin of White Revolution exhorts Orange Revolution


  • ‘Milk City’ Anand, the birthplace of milk co-operatives that had led to India’s White Revolution, is now inspiring another change — an ‘Orange Revolution’.
  • The district will be the home to India’s first solar co-operatives that will be run by farmers.


  • On Friday, Raman Parmar from Thamna village became the country’s first farmer to produce and sell solar power individually.
  • By connecting a solar-powered irrigation pump to electricity grid, Parmar got the first payment for his ‘solar crop’ in form of a cheque of Rs 7,500 from the International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
  • Through an eight kWh grid-tied solar system on 60 sq m to 80 sq m land, Parmar has generated a surplus 1,500 kWh of solar energy in last four months.
  • Citing Parmar’s example, the IWMI is encouraging solar power as a remunerative crop (SPaRC) – the idea of harvesting solar power as the most lucrative crop.
  • SPaRC is the first step to form Solar Pump Irrigators Co-operative Enterprise (SPICE), which will be a co-operative body of 40 to 50 farmers who will come together to grow and sell solar power like any other crop.
  • IWMI estimates that a solar pump can generate 13,000 units of power per year worth Rs 65,000 on just 1/25th of a hectare.
  • This will be a boon for marginal farmers too as the land requirement is not that high.
  • Once successful, this co-operative can help farmers give up their conventional electricity source. They will have the option to sell energy to earn additional income.

Source:The Times Of India

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