The rigid caste system in India has motivated the Indian constitution makers to make the Holy Book of India more accommodative to OBC and SC/ST class. Even after 68 years of independence, India doesn’t look to curtail its reservation policy due to many reasons, however, political reasons remains on top. There is a strong signal of improvement of downtrodden people belonging to lower caste due to reservation provided in public jobs and institutions. It is true that the quota system has helped a large section of the society but a large section of India were also denied what they deserved. However, the recent announcement made by NCBC looks a progressive step.
National Commission of Backward Classes (NCBC) said that it is ready to include economically weaker sections belonging to upper caste into OBC list. It noted that occupation like caste is also a marker of backwardness. The Supreme Court judge Indira Sawhney once observed while making a judgement on Mandal Commission – the government should look for other alternatives rather than focusing solely on caste while considering backwardness, NCBC Chairman, Justice V Eswaraiah noted during his media briefing. If a rickshaw puller remains in the same profession for years, he is an OBC, Justice Eswariah added further. It is expected that he will puss the demands for inclusion of economically backward class (EBCs) in the OBC list. EBCs are also similar to OBCs, the difference between them is their identification through two different angles – one is on the caste line and the other is based on economic backwardness. The economically backward classes have been making a reasonable noise about injustice being done on them since the Mandal Commission.
The rise of Hardik Patel from nowhere on the issue of reservation and strong support for it, has made government to work on making reservation policy more inclusive. The government machineries have a feeling somewhere that the time has come to carve out a new policy which can accommodate talent and provides a platform for the upliftment of economically backward class (including lower caste).