In order to make agriculture more remunerative by introducing more technical and scientific methods, and increasing the utility of bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides against chemical fertilizers and pesticides, which are not only root cause for health hazards but also eradicate the fertility of agricultural lands, the scheme is titled as Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture (CMSA) launched by government of AP
- To minimize cost of cultivation by avoiding chemical pest management
- To withstand agriculture based livelihoods by improving net incomes
- To improve skills and capabilities of women to support farming and farm based activities
- To improve natural resource base in farms
- Local best practicing famers will guide by educating and training them through Farmers Field Schools which is the key factor
- Groups will be formed with 20 to 25 farmers and they will be guided by a paid village activist ( a practicing farmer) and five village clusters of such groups is guided by a paid cluster activist ( another practicing farmer).These groups are known as “ Sasya Mitra Sanghas” and community leaders are those who have successfully implemented the CMSA and produced positive results.
- These leaders are tools in transfer of technology and development of skills among the targeted group.No cash and input subsidy will be provided but financial support is through capacity building and skill improvements.
- Technology transfer includes maximum utilization of available resources to enhance the yield per acre, following renewable energy resources, utilizing dung of animal as fertilizer, recycling of crops, effective utilization of water, sun light, land, seed etc.
- The scheme will be managed by SGH women. Sub committees will be formed at mandal and district levels seperately to monitor day to day activities. The role of sub committees is to review the performances of villages activists, cluster activists and DPM on the monthly basis and Samakhyas attend FFS meetings, make field inspections, pay salaries of VA/CA.
- Communities are involved in decision making process. The decision making in programme management lies with the VOs and MSs. Farmers’ innovations, local wisdom and proven technical processes are part of methods of CMSA.
- By practicing the methods developed by CMSA eco balance will be achieved over a period and good balance can be maintained between friendly insects and crop pests which leads to reduction of pest maintenance to zero.
To increasing the fertility in the land, methods recommended by CMSA are
- Monocot – dicot crop combinations
- Multilayered poly crop system to harvest maximum sun light
- Creating enabling environment for local deep borrowing earth worms
- Efficient composting techniques and by using dung based inoculations paving way to reduce and eventually eliminate chemical fertilizers.
- By utilizing Azolla widely reduced the usage of Urea largely.